Crowns and Bridges

A crown can be described as the outermost covering of the tooth making up its size and shape. A crown offers excellent protection to the tooth structure. The most popular type of crowns is the porcelain. They are durable, last for a long time and may be replaced like other dental restorations. The colour, shape and size of your teeth are put into consideration when making porcelain crown.

Reasons people need crowns

  • People need crowns for
  • Fractured fillings
  • Cosmetic enhancement
  • Large fillings
  • Decayed teeth
  • When a tooth has root canal
  • When a tooth is broken or fractured.


What is involved in getting a crown?

A strongly destroyed tooth is exposed to high risk of fracture, which can cause tooth loss. This is the reason top of a tooth is offered to restore it. For the establishment of a crown, on average it takes two appointments.

  • Firstly, a temporary crown is prepared by the dentist. To do this, he or she takes an impression of the tooth, or sends a mold thereof;
  • An anaesthetic is applied locally to allow the dentist to sculpt the natural tooth. Indeed, the shape and texture of it must be changed so that the crown can be well implemented. It even happens that the dentist must remove a portion of the tooth;
  • Once carved natural tooth, the dentist takes a new impression of it (and sometimes neighbouring teeth) to be sent to the laboratory – this step is to ensure that the permanent crown is perfectly adjusted to the tooth;
  • The temporary crown is placed on the tooth carved so that it is protected until the manufacture of the permanent crown is completed;
  • For the final step, the permanent crown is fitted on the tooth, replacing the temporary crown. The dentist makes any necessary adjustments to the shape, colour and fit of it are in perfect harmony with the adjacent teeth.

Each case is unique. The process may vary for you according to the condition of your teeth, and a variety of other factors. The number of necessary appointments with the dentist may also vary.


Fixed bridges

Fixed bridges are better ways to replace any missing tooth. Fixed bridges are non-removable; therefore, a dental bridge is a non-removable appliance.

The best type of bridge will be discussed by the dentist. The standard type of bridge is the traditional bridge. Dental bridges last for a long time and are durable. They may only need to be replaced when they become wear.

Reasons for a fixed bridge

  • To maintain a facial shape
  • To restore your speaking and chewing ability
  • To fill the space of missing teeth
  • To replace removable partial dentures to a permanent dental appliance
  • To prevent other teeth from moving out of position
  • To restore your smile


What is the procedure for fixed bridge?

The fixed bridge may require the patient to visit the dentist two or more times. The two anchor teeth are anesthetized and prepared by cutting some of their enamel to allow placement of the crown. Then, a high-precision impression (mold) is performed, which will be sent to a dental laboratory that will manufacture the bridge. Besides, the patient will have to wear a temporary bridge for several weeks, until his next appointment.

At the next visit, the permanent bridge will be checked carefully, adjusted and sealed for a good anchorage. Your dentist can sometimes temporarily seal the bridge to allow your teeth to get used tissues. In this case, the new bridge will be permanently sealed to a later date.

Instructions will be given to you by the dentist after the procedure. Good brushing, flossing and regular dental visits will help extend the life of your permanent bridge.



Porcelain veneers

Dental veneers (also called dandruff) are used in the dental makeover framework for improving smile, the aesthetic imperfections, especially at the waist, alignment, shape and colour. This facet is a pure ceramic ultrafine membrane fixed to the visible face of the tooth.

Laying facets has the advantage of preserving the healthy tooth structure while improving their appearance (white teeth, perfectly aligned …) natural, reliable and sustainable way.

The reasons for porcelain veneers include;

  • Crooked teeth
  • Stained or severely discoloured teeth
  • Too small teeth or too large teeth
  • To create a uniform beautiful white smile
  • Worn or chipped teeth
  • Misshapen teeth
  • Unwanted or uneven spaces


The intervention for porcelain veneers

The dentist may ask facets of 2 methods, safe and painless under local anaesthesia:

It may, in fact, cut the tooth, removing a thin layer of enamel to allow room for the post of the facet. He then asks “temporary” veneers that will be replaced next week by the genuine facets (porcelain or ceramic), created by dental impressions made before.

When the situation allows, the dentist tries not to file the tooth by asking facet directly. The procedure is done without anesthesia, and veneers are made by a specialized laboratory after receipt of dental impression.


Dentures and partial dentures

A denture is a removable dental prosthesis to replace all or part of the natural dentition.

Types of dentures

There are two main types of dentures.

Complete removable denture

This type of resin prosthesis replaces all of the natural dentition ( maxillary upper and lower). It relies as much as possible on the gums.

Removable partial denture

This type of rigid metal frame prosthesis replaces a portion of teeth: it is therefore based on both the gums and the remaining teeth with the aid of hooks. It is a little more stable than full dentures, thanks to the support provided by the teeth.

Reasons for dental implants

  • To restore a patient’s confident smile
  • Any problem caused by tooth shifting into missing tooth space is removed by dental implants
  • To restore speech, chewing and digestion
  • To replace any missing tooth without affecting other teeth
  • To support denture or bridge, so that they can be more secure and comfortable

Partial or complete removable denture allows the mastication. It occupies an aesthetic role, correcting sagging jaw and mouth and facilitates phonation: including pronounce the consonants “dental” (d and t), which require that the language bears on the teeth.


Procedure for getting the dental implant done

Before considering any dental surgery, your specialist will conduct surveys and studies on your jaw, your nerves, your sinuses, and all the bony part of around the area where the intervention will happen. In some cases, your dentist also will make your scanner to best determine your bone structure. Obviously, any source of infection, inflammation or other problems being discovered on the part to operate will be treated before considering the replacement of teeth.

The laying of artificial teeth is done as an outpatient. You can set this by clinic or office of your dentist. Depending on your level of anxiety, the intervention will be done under local or general anaesthesia.

There are two ways to perform the procedure. The first cut in two stages: First, the placement of the implant and a few weeks later, the installation of the pillar, the pillar being the pole that connects the artificial tooth to the artificial root. The other alternative is to place the implant and abutment at once.

When healing is complete, you have had the procedure in 1 or 2 steps; your dentist is going to make your tooth with your fingerprints. Sometimes several visits are necessary to find the right match and / or to make adjustments.

You will likely experience some unpleasant effects related to the intervention. The most common discomforts are pain, swelling and bruising. You will also need to be very observant about the load you will allow your implants to bear as it should be minimal during the healing process (between 4 and six months). That said, these inconveniences are nothing compared to the pleasure you will have after this operation.