Call Now: +1604-526-2725

Periodontal Therapy

Periodontal Flap Surgery

What You Need To Know

How dearly do you love your beautiful teeth? If the answer is a yes, then you should care for them through strict oral hygiene and regular dental visits. On the other hand, if you do not look after your teeth and ignore regular brushing and flossing, plaque will tend to form and gradually harden into calculus (tartar). The end result would be the development of teeth cavities and gum diseases.

What Happens When You Have Gum Disease?

Gum disease can cause gum inflammation, pain, bad odor, discolored gums and can mar your smile. Your gums become Inflamed and gradually start to loosen, ultimately forming (periodontal) pockets. Calculus, or tartar starts forming inside these pockets and bacteria get a safe sanctuary where they thrive.  Ligaments and the bone tissue holding the teeth firmly start getting damaged, teeth become loose, and may even have to be extracted.  If you have not care for your teeth before, this is the last and the final call to action.

What to do If you Have Gum Disease?

When periodontal pockets develop the first treatment option normally is‘cleaning and scaling’ (also known as root debridement). This can be done manually with an ultrasonic instrument. If this procedure does not work,then periodontal flap surgery is the best option. Flap surgery is nota cure for periodontal disease, but it does help you check further degradation and retain your current level gum health. Regular hygiene and dental care at home along with professional treatment can allow you to maintain dental health.

The Goals of Flap Surgery

  • imageRemoval of Diseased Tissue – the immediate goal is of flap surgery in order to completely eliminate or reduce the gum pocket. An incision is made in the gum tissue and the diseased tissue is removed from the inside of the gum flap already formed. The tooth root under the gum is thoroughly cleaned of any tartar and its surface smoothed. This smoothing called root-planing is to prevent easy formation of plaque in future. The gum flesh is then pulled back over the root and sutured in place. Antibiotics may be advised and healing is quite fast. The procedure is normally done under anesthesia.
  • Regeneration of Gum and Periodontal Tissues – The second (longer term) goal of this procedure is the regeneration of the periodontal ligaments and the bone tissue already lost. Many techniques are available for thisBone grafting and factors are high-tech methods of achieving this purpose. These methods can help restore your gums back to their normal form and function, restore your smile, and promote healthy and firm anchoring of your teeth.

Flap Surgery Procedure

  • Administration of Anesthesia – flap surgery is normallycarried out under local anesthesia and may sometimes be accompanied by oral anti-anxiety medication. If necessary, flap surgery may have to be performed under intravenous conscious sedation. Once anesthesia has taken effect, an incision is made so to separate the affected gums from the teeth. The gum tissue is folded back gently to access the roots, supporting ligament and the surrounding bone tissue.
  • Removal of Debris and Necrotic Tissue – the diseased gum tissue is removed, and the tooth roots are cleaned.Antibiotic or other medication may be applied by the dental surgeon.If there bone defects exist those can be repaired with bone grafting.
  • Incision Closure and Suturing – finally, the incision is closed and the procedure is completed. Regeneration of the periodontal ligament can be encouraged by physical methods (barrier membranes) and chemical methods (oral use of growth factors).

Gum flap surgery is very successful if performed by an experienced dental surgeon using state of the art techniques. In case of advanced gum disease it is often the best treatment to contain and mitigate periodontal disease so as to help maintain your oral health.

For more information and free consultation

Please visit us at Burnaby Square Dental, our conveniently located office. Our professional Team will be more than happy to answer all of your questions and provide you with the best services if you choose to proceed.


Burnaby Square Dental

At Burnaby Square Dental, we know every person’s dental needs are unique. That’s why we offer a comprehensive selection of treatment options in a comfortable, convenient atmosphere.

Working Hours

Monday 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Tuesday 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Wednesday 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
Thursday 10:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Friday 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Saturday 8:30 AM - 3:30 PM
Sunday closed

Copyright 2017. All rights reserved.

Burnaby Square Dental Website Update

Dear Valued Patients,

We hope you and your family are in good health. Our community has been through a lot over the last few months, and all of us are looking forward to resuming our normal habits and routines. While many things have changed, one thing has remained the same: Our Commitment to Your Safety.

Infection control has always been a top priority for our patients and you may have seen this during your visits to our office. Our office follows up-to-date infection control recommendations made by the Canadian Dental Association, British Columbia Dental Association, College of Dental Surgeos of BC and the World Health Organization.

You may see some changes when it is time for your next appointment. We made these changes to help protect our patients and staff. Including:

-Pre- screening of all patients prior to their appointment and again at the entrance of the office
-Temperature check for patients upon entry of the office
-We have hand sanitizer that we will ask you to use when you enter the office. Please follow the instructions given by the receptionist before seeing our CDA.

Appointments will be managed to allow social distancing between patients. That might mean that you're offered fewer options for scheduling your appointment.
Appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) for all clinical and administrative staff, including surgical and N95 masks, face shield and gowns.

Daily temperature check for all staff.

Extra time scheduled between patient's appointments to allow thourough cleaning and disinfection of treatment rooms and equipment.

Due to social distancing measurments, we are not able to have our full reception team available, as a result, this may cause longer wait times on phones and we might not be able to confirm the validity of your insurance on your behalf. We recommend all patients confirm there have been no changes to their insurance plans over these uncertain times.

We look forward to seeing you again and are happy to answer any questions you may have about the steps we take to keep you, staff and every patient, safe in our practice. To make an appointment, please call our office or use appointment request page here

Thank you for being our patient. We value your trust and loyalty and look forward to welcoming back our patients, neighbors and friends.


Burnaby Square Dental Team