For various reasons some people may reach a situation in life where they have either lost all teeth in a jaw, or the remaining ones are unfit for repair. In such a situation they usually have to go for partial or complete dentures. They can select one of two choices in dentures: conventional removable dentures or implant supported fixed dentures. However, for various reasons, more and more people are now going for the fixed implant dentures. Dentists also prefer to advise implant supported dentures because of the merits they have. Continue reading to find out why implant supported dentures are becoming so popular:
Dental implants function primarily as the roots for replacement teeth. A cylindrical titanium post is screwed into the jaw bone getting a firm support from it. Further, they encourage bone cells from the jaw to grow into the metal surface (osseo-integration) making a very strong natural bond with jaw bone. Thus the implant is as good as the natural root of a tooth. To this root is attached a natural looking crown (the visible part of a tooth). Alternatively, two or more implants may be used to support a complete denture. A denture supported by implants is fixed and looks and functions like a natural set of teeth.
The implant procedure is rather simple and is carried out in the dental office. It is always preceded by a thorough examination and assessment to determine the suitability of implants. In case the patient does not have sufficient bone in the jaw to support the implant, bone grafting may be done. If any existing teeth have to be removed, those are removed. The implant procedure is normally done under local anesthesia. The traditional practice of implants waited for the gum to heal after extractions, but same day implant procedures are now becoming popular. It is usual to wait for osseo-integration (two to three months) to take place before loading the implants (attaching dentures on them) but temporary teeth may be attached the same day. The decision to ‘load’ the implants the same day or wait will depend on the merit of the case. The same-day procedure may take one to three hours depending on the number of implants needed. Post-operative discomfort, if at all, can be managed with over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication like ibuprofen or acetaminophen.